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Equality information

Legal Duty

Equality Act 2010

The Equality Act 2010 replaced previous discrimination laws and introduced nine legally protected characteristics groups:

  • Age
  • Disability
  • Gender reassignment
  • Pregnancy and maternity
  • Race
  • Religion and belief
  • Sex
  • Sexual orientation
  • Marriage and civil partnership (limited to elimination of discrimination, harassment and victimisation)

Everyone has protection under this legislation.

The Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED)

The PSED requires the council and other organisations carrying out public functions on our behalf, to advance equality and to understand how people with protected characteristics are affected by policies and services.

All public bodies must seek to:

  • Eliminate discrimination, harassment, victimisation
  • Advance equality of opportunity between protected characteristic groups
  • Encourage good relations between protected characteristic groups

By considering how to:

  • Remove or minimise disadvantage experienced by people due to their protected characteristics
  • Take steps to meet the needs of people with protected characteristics where they are different from the needs of others
  • Encourage people from protected characteristics groups to take part in public life or other activities where participation is disproportionately low.
  • Meet the needs of disabled people by taking account of their disabilities
  • Tackle prejudice
  • Help with understanding

Specific duties

The council must publish information to show how it complies with the Public Sector Equality Duty. This must include equality information about its employees and service users. The council must also publish equality objectives.

Darlington equality facts and figures

The more we know about our local population and service users the better we can understand their needs to help the Council carry out services. Information is collected from a variety of sources and relates to Darlington where this is available and nationally where not.

Age and sex

Darlington mid-2019 population estimates (Crown Copyright)

Total population 106,803

Age and sex equality information
Age Male (number) Male (%) Female (number) Female (%)
Total 52,065 100.00 54,738 100.00
Aged under 1 year 582 1.1 518 0.9
Aged 1-4 years 2,388 4.6 2,302 4.2
Aged 5-8 years 2,689 5.2 2,552 4.7
Aged 9-12 years 2,649 5.1 2,629 4.8
Aged 13-16 years 2,430 4.7 2,266 4.1
Aged 17-20 years 2,076 4.0 1,992 3.6
Aged 21-24 years 2,217 4.3 2,225 4.1
Aged 25-28 years 2,402 4.6 2,607 4.8
Aged 29-32 years 2,525 4.8 2,761 5.0
Aged 33-36 years 2,471 4.7 2,708 4.9
Aged 37-40 years 2,657 5.1 2,529 5.0
Aged 41-44 years 2,392 4.6 2,543 4.6
Aged 45-48 years 2,711 5.2 2,994 5.5
Aged 49-52 years 3,007 5.8 3,070 5.6
Aged 53-56 years 3,171 6.1 3,224 5.9
Aged 57-60 years 2,855 5.5 2,991 5.5
Aged 61-64 years 2,486 4.8 2,686 4.9
Aged 65-68 years 2,291 4.4 2,405 4.9
Aged 69-72 years 2,440 4.7 2,575 4.7
Aged 73-76 years 1,869 3.6 1,973 3.6
Aged 77-80 years 1,394 2.7 1,601 2.9
Aged 81-84 years 1,062 2.0 1,421 2.6
Aged 85-90 + 1,085 2.1 1,821 3.3


2011 Census information shows 19.6% of the population of Darlington have a limiting long term illness. This is a fall from the 20.4% 2001 census but is higher than the national average of 17.9% for England and Wales.

Disability by category where available

Visual impairment (Data from RNIB)

RNIB Sight Loss Data Tool [external link]

Total number of people registered blind or partially sighted in Darlington 2017:

Disability information
0-17 20
18-49* 90
50-64 90
65-74** 70
75+ 355
Overall Total 625

Hearing impairment

National Statistics:


Mental Health

Community Mental Health Profiles [external link]

Mental health equality information
2019/20 No.  
Depression: Patients aged 18 and over with depression, as recorded on practice disease registers 12,143 14.0%
The percentage of patients with schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder and other psychoses as recorded on practice disease registers. 1,158 1.06%

Gender reassignment and sexual orientation

There is very little official information available regarding gender reassignment and sexual orientation but the following sources provide an indication of the UK and local position.

2.2% of the UK population aged 16 and over identified themselves as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB) in 2018. 4.1% of 16 to 24 year olds in the UK identified themselves as LGB compared with 0.7% of the population aged 65 and over. Source: Office for National Statistics, 2018, Sexual Identity, UK: 2016 Statistical Bulletin [external link]: Experimental Statistics, ONS, Newport, Wales. However, these figures only demonstrate what percentage of the population are prepared to divulge their sexual preference to a cold-calling stranger on the doorstep and local GADD further point out that the Department of Health and the Home Office use a figure of 6% to 7% of the population as an estimate. Arecent Public Health England report, Producing modelled estimates of the size of the lesbian, gay and bisexual population of England [external link] analysed 15 surveys representing the general adult population in England and calculated a weighted estimate of people identifying as LGB or ‘other’ as 2.5%, with an upper limit of 5.89% identified when including all respondents selecting ‘prefer not to say’, ‘don’t know’ or giving no answer were taken into account such as assuming all of these respondents were LGB.

The figure of 2.5% implies approximately 2,640 adults in Darlington would identify themselves as LGB.

At present, there is no official estimate of the trans population. The England/Wales Census has not asked if people identify as trans in the past, however a question on gender identity may be included in future censuses. GIRES, in their Home Office funded study estimate the number of trans people in the UK to be between 300,000 - 500,000, defined as ‘..a large reservoir of transgender people who experience some degree of gender variance’ (Reed et al 2009).

Further information can be found at Stonewall [external link].

Marriage and Civil Partnership

Marriage and Civil Partnership from the 2011 census:

Marriages, Cohabitations, Civil Partnerships and Divorces [external link]

Details of marriages in England and Wales [external link]

Census 2011 - Table "Marriage Summary Statistics"

  • 577 - All Marriages
  • 466 - Civil Marriages
  • 111 - Religious Marriages

Pregnancy and maternity

In 2019 there were 1,026 live births in Darlington.

Births by mothers’ usual area of residence in the UK [external link]

Race (ethnicity and nationality)

Darlington 2011 Census, Ethnic Group (Crown Copyright)

Ethnic group equality information
Ethnic group Number %
All usual residents 105564  
White: English/ Welsh/ Scottish / Northern Irish / British 98898 93.69
White: Irish 328 0.31
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 350 0.33
White: Other White 2019 1.91
Mixed / Multiple Ethnic Groups: White and Black Caribbean 463 0.44
Mixed / Multiple Ethnic Groups: White and Black African 97 0.09
Mixed / Multiple Ethnic Groups: White and Asian 350 0.33
Mixed / Multiple Ethnic Groups: Other mixed 236 0.22
Asian / Asian British: Indian 726 0.69
Asian / Asian British: Pakistani 145 0.14
Asian / Asian British: Bangladeshi 523 0.50
Asian / Asian British: Chinese 349 0.33
Asian / Asian British: Other Asian 462 0.44
Black / African / Caribbean / Black British: African 206 0.20
Black / African / Caribbean / Black British: Caribbean 105 0.10
Black / African / Caribbean / Black British: Other Black 46 0.04
Other Ethnic Group: Arab 112 0.11
Other Ethnic Group: Any Other Ethnic Group 149 0.14

Language proficiency

According to the 2011 Census, in Darlington 2% of the population have a main language that is not English but speak English very well or well.

0.62% of the population cannot speak English or cannot speak English well. (ONS Crown Copyright)

Religion or belief

Darlington 2011 Census, Religion (Crown Copyright)

Religion equality information
Region/belief Number %
All usual residents 105564  
Christian 71122 67.37
Buddhist 307 0.29
Hindu 317 0.30
Jewish 45 0.04
Muslim 971 0.92
Sikh 361 0.34
Other religion 310 0.29
No religion 25415 24.08
Religion not stated 6716 6.36

A further breakdown of religion and belief information is available on the Office for National Statistics [external link]

Additional sources of information

What Action Have We Taken?

Equality Policy 2018-22

The Equality Policy 2018-22 helps the Council to meet the Public Sector Equality Duty set out in the Equality Act 2010. The policy was drawn up after consultation with a wide range of representatives from protected characteristics' groups. It commenced in March 2018 and replaced the Council's previous equality policy.

See our Equality Impact Assessments (EIAs)

EIAs are used to help the Council manage change and review services to achieve the fairest possible outcomes. Assessments are important to making sure that the Council has due regard to the Equality Duty when it makes decisions on its activities, including policies, projects, services and budgets. The EIA provides decision makers with an understanding of the potential effects of their decisions across all parts of the community.

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