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Private water supplies - drinking water

A private water supply is any water supply not provided directly by a water company.

The source of the supply may be a:

  • well
  • borehole
  • spring
  • stream
  • river
  • lake
  • pond

The supply may serve one property or several.

General advice

Drinking water inspectorate website [external link].

The Council's duties

The council has legal duties under the:

  • Provisions of the Water Industry Act 1991
  • Water Act 2003
  • Private Water Supply Regulations 2009 (England)

We must carry out a risk assessment of each private water supply.

We do this to find out if there is a possible danger to human health.

We must also arrange for private water supplies to be monitored to make sure it meets drinking water standards.

Where a private supply does not meet the standard, we must work out why.

We must take action to make sure any issues are fixed by the private supply owners.

We do sampling from private water supplies to check that they meet legal drinking water standards.

A charge is normally made for sampling.

Sampling fees [pdf document].

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